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2007-07-20 10:02:15|  分类: 英文写作及转贴文 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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  每个社会都有自己特殊的词语和表达方式。美国一个流行的词语是“攻书”,意思是刻苦学习。

  学生怕考,历来如此,考好了才能升级。攻书的学生往往花很长时间准备考试。他仔细阅读书本,一遍又一遍地复习。他要确保掌握老师提供的所有资料,对每一个可能出的考题都做好准备,每天晚上都学习。这种状态就叫攻书。

  在美国,大多数儿童五岁开始上学。公立学校是免费的,孩子们多数就近入学。头几年的学习生动有趣。孩子们不仅学文化,还做游戏,去远足。没有理由让他们小小年纪就苦读书。

  孩子们长大时,情况就有了变化。课程变得难了。学生们开了世界历史、代数和生物等课程。测验成了家常便饭。压力越来越大,学生们不得不攻书、苦读、力求上进。

  好学生大多到了中学才攻书不息。

  希望进大专院校深造的中学生必须参加国家规定的学业水平考试。这种考试分两场。第一场考学生的数学运算能力。第二场考学生的英语水平。

  学业水平考试是非常重要的。两场考试得分高的学生很有希望进入美国名牌大学。因此,许多学生往往苦读数月应付学业水平考试。

  这意味着要奋斗、苦读、攻书。知识毕竟不是轻易就能获得的奖品。

译文来自《中国对外翻译出版公司》的《美国词语掌故》上)

Hit the Books

Every society has its own special words, expressions, and ways of saying things. One popular expression in the United States is “hitting the books.” It means studying a subject with great effort.

One of the great challenges for students is taking tests. The student must do well on the test to advance.

A student who hits the books spends long hours preparing for a test. They read all their books carefully, and then read them a second time, and third time. They make sure they know all the material the teacher has offered and prepare for every possible question. They study every night. They are “hitting the books.”

In the United States, most children begin attending school when they are five years old. Public education is free and most children go to schools near their homes. School in these early years is fun. The children learn to read and write. But they also play games and go on trips. There is no reason at such an early age for them to hit the books.

This situation changes as children become older. The subjects become more difficult. Student must learn about world history, algebra, and the life sciences. Tests become more common. Pressure is growing to hit the books, study hard, and advance.

However, most serious students only really begin hitting the books for long hours when they reach high school.

High school students who hope to continue their education at a college or university must take a special national test called the S-A-T. The test has two parts. The first part tests the student’s ability with numbers and mathematical skills. The second part tests the student’s ability in the English language.

The S-A-T test is very import. A high school student who gets a high score on the two parts of the test has a good chance to enter a top American college. For this reason, many students hit the books for months to prepare for the S-A-T.

All this adds up to a lot of work, studying, “hitting the books.” Knowledge is a prize that is not easy to gain.

 

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